Tag Archive for: music industry

On the Range

Range of vocal singers:

  • Soprano: Middle C (about 261Hz) to E above High C (about 659Hz), and beyond
  • Alto: G below Middle C (about 196Hz), up to D above High C (about 587Hz)
  • Tenor: Second B below Middle C (about 144Hz) to G above Middle C (about 392Hz), and beyond
  • Bass: E (about 82Hz) an octave and a half below Middle C to Middle C (about 261Hz)

Tony Bruno

There are a large number of boutique guitar amplifiers. I had a chance to hear a Bruno. Very impressive amplifier. Tony Bruno custom amplifiers feature point to point wired circuits on custom boards or terminal strips, precision custom wound transformers, CTS pots, special US made caps, New Old Stock and Hi-End resistors, phenolic and ceramic tube sockets, stainless steel bolts and screws, heavy duty steel chassis, steel corners, finger jointed solid pine cabinets, 13 ply Baltic birch baffles, padded handles, premium or NOS tubes, and a choice of covering and speakers. The unit I like is the Underground 30. It is available in combo form as a 1×10, 2×10, 1×12. All for a mere $3,200 USD.

It’s a Hit

When I finally decided to put up a website for the studio I did not think that it would see much activity. I run a private facility with a small clientele. I thought that the site might be a convenient way to share information about some of the projects we work on as well as a way for some of our friends to keep updated on our work. I started this blog as a way to put my own discovery of information about pro audio and other items of interest into a digital form that could be archived and searched with a minimum of fuss.

I must admit that I am pleasantly surprised with the number of hits the site has been receiving.

Running on AdrenaLinn

I have been using the AdrenaLinn 2 to track basics for electric guitar. I have found that the amp models are very workable. Easy to get a good distortion sound printed. I do tend to be a bit of a purist on these things but when I compared the results of the modeled sounds to the actual sounds I was having a hard time justifying the setup work required to produce good sounding tracks with physical hardware. A bit of a surprise to me.

Countryman E6

Last week I was doing live sound and the primary wireless microphone elected to go south. Much as I suspected the issue was improper handling and the cable had developed a short where it connects to the battery pack. I had the microphone repaired for a mere $15. I also took the opportunity to order a new microphone for the wireless system. The Countryman E6 Isomax EarSet provides high sound quality without the bulk and appearance of conventional headsets. The E6 clips around your ear, not around your head and they are available in four colors, Light Beige, Tan, Cocoa, and Black to blend with the user’s appearance. We’ll need to do a custom connector for our wireless system. I expect much improved fidelity and because the microphone is always at the sound source and not prone to dropouts as the user turns their head we should see an overall improvement in legibility.

AdrenaLinn Rush

I am tracking a lot of guitar lately and for one of the projects I am producing I really wanted to get some new sounds. I had read about Roger Linn’s new guitar pedal which is called the AdrenaLinn II.

The AdrenaLinn II is an effects processor for guitar, keyboard or bass that combines a number of features:

A beat-synched multi-effects processor:

  • Tremolo, flanging, rotary, delay, random filtering and other modulation effects, including programmed sequences or filtered tones or note arpeggios, in synch to the internal drumbeat or MIDI. Also included are classic filter effects like auto-wah, guitar synth and talk box

An amp modeler:

  • 24 models of classic guitar amps over the past 40 years, distortion boxes, a clean preamp, and a few original amp models

A programmable drum machine:

  • A great-sounding beat box with 200 drumbeats and over 40 sounds

This was the most fun I have had on a guitar in years. Although I had booked a couple of hours in the studio to lay down some tracks I spent nearly 6 hours playing with all the different sonic possibilities from this pedal.

Inverse Square Law

I did live sound at church last Sunday and there were a number of issues that took place. The primary wireless mic began randomly emitting short, explosive bursts of crackle. Clearly a short in the cable assembly but no backup wireless system was available. We switched to a wired microphone for the second service. Much better.

However, during the second service we received a complaint that the overall sound pressure level was too high. One person apparently walked out due to the sound level. Of course we diligently adhere to a house standard which has been in effect for several years. My recommendation was to observe the inverse square law and sit further back from the loudspeakers if sensitivity to higher sound pressure levels is an issue.

Although more specialized, studio sound is much less stressful than live sound. There is a higher level of uncertainty in live sound. So many variables can impact the presentation of high fidelity in live sound and there is no second take. To be successful in live sound is to be completely and absolutely transparent to the listener. Better to never be noticed in live sound!

Beta Monkey

Chris of Beta Monkey Drum Loops and Samples was posting to the recording.org site looking for comments on the Audix D6 microphone. He is thinking about using the D6 in place of the AKG 112 to track the kick drum. I picked up an Audix D6 a few months back and I have not looked back. I may fall back on the Sennheiser MD421 or the 112 again but so far I have really enjoyed the sounds I can get with the D6. I may try out his drum samples. They are inexpensive and I can always use some hits to create a different snare sound.


Fergus Marsh recorded bass guitar tracks for one of the projects I am working on in the studio. Fergus has worked with a number of notable artists including Bruce Cockburn and Steve Bell. He has also worked with an old friend of mine Glen Soderholm.

Fergus is an outstanding musician and he has mastered an amazing instrument known as the Chapman Stick. My youngest son has had the unique advantage of meeting many of Canada’s most talented musicians. Matthew has seen Fergus play on Steve Bell’s DVD. He was so pleased to see Fergus play the Chapman Stick live in the studio.


Although most of my recording work is done on the other side of the glass I still have many performance opportunities live and in studio. There are times when I contribute directly to projects that I am producing. Such was the case last night as I tracked a number of guitar parts for a current project.

Years past it was always a hard go. However, with the magic of Remote Desktop and wireless networking, this is now so much simpler. I set myself up in one of the talent rooms and I use my laptop computer to drive most of the equipment in the control room. I can operate the Control 24 and Pro Tools environment as if I were in the control room. The laptop operates the studio DAW as if it were directly connected. Very slick.


Currently running about twice the normal load of session work in the studio. Really pleased to see how well the studio is doing and also the improvement in sonic fidelity over the past couple of years. We also are seeing a much higher calibre of talent coming in and that makes the whole process that much more enjoyable for me personally.

Blown Away

First stage test of the new Fender 65 Deluxe Reverb Reissue (DRRI) yesterday. Absolutely remarkable sound! Over the past few months I have played a Fender Hot Rod Deluxe, a Fender Custom Vibrolux, a Mesa Boogie F50 and now the DRRI. I have found an absolutely stunning amplifier in the DRRI.

A number of players argue that the DRRI needs to be modded to sound its best. Typically the mods are focused on replacing the stock tubes and the stock speaker. The DRRI comes standard with a Jensen C-12K speaker. This 12″ speaker is a ceramic design with a vintage voicing. The DRRI also comes with 3 12AX7s, 2 12AT7s, 2 6V6s and 1 5AR4 rectifier. I originally thought that I would mod the amp but after the stage performance yesterday I am not so sure. A rare experience for me to be transported by the tone of an amplifier. In fact, I have never been transported. I was yesterday. I will think hard about whether any mods are needed for this rig.

Signal Chain

Upcoming session this week features a talented bassist with a number of interesting challenges. I usually track the beds with all players in attendance. For this session, the bassist will be tracking against pre-recorded drums, acoustic guitars and scratch vocals and keys. My primary concern, as always, is the capture of the performance and the sound. Sometimes playing against pre-recorded tracks takes the magic from the performance.

I will be looking at the chain to see if there are any tweaks to improve the technical side of capturing the instrument. I often use the following configuration: Radial DI (either active or passive depending on the instrument) – Brent Averill 1272 preamp – Pro Tools. I’ll only use compression as a last resort. Most of the bassists we work with have pretty good control over their dynamics.